Economy Jul 16, 2013
New Delhi: A high-powered ministerial panel will on Wednesday consider abolishing the priority ranking in natural gas allocation so that the fuel currently consumed by urea plants can also be diverted to fuel-starved power plants.
An Empowered Group of Ministers (EGoM) headed by Defence Minister AK Antony is to consider an petroleum ministry proposal of abolishing the priority ranking according to which natural gas is first given to urea manufacturing fertiliser plants, then to LPG units, followed by power plants, city gas, steel and refineries.
"The EGoM is meeting tomorrow afternoon. We have presented options and it is for the EGoM to take a call. I can't say anything more than that," Petroleum Minister M Veerappa Moily told reporters in New Delhi.
The current priority ranking meant when output from Reliance Industries' eastern offshore KG-D6 fields started falling in 2011, supplies to refineries was cut first, then steel and city gas sectors.
From November 2011, supplies to 25 power plants, which had signed for 29.74 million standard cubic metres per day (mmscmd) of KG-D6, were pro-rata cut and this year completely stopped as KG-D6 output kept falling.
From 1 June, supplies to LPG plants, which had contracted 2.59 mmscmd of KG-D6 gas, too has stopped as current production of just over 14 mmscmd was sufficient to meet the full requirement of fertiliser sector only.
The ministry has proposed two options -- equal priority to all core sectors of fertilisers, LPG, power and city gas distribution or according fertiliser and power equal priority.
The gas supplies would be redistributed among the sector users "pro-rated based on the signed gas supply agreements".
If available gas is to be redistributed among the four core sectors, it would reduce supplies to fertiliser plants by 9.44 mmscmd and lead to an extra urea import of 4.73 million tonnes that would levy an additional subsidy burden of about Rs 5,591 crore per annum.
On the other hand, supply to the power sector will increase by 10.07 mmscmd, resulting in additional production of about 16,000 million units of electricity per annum.
Sources said the ministry reasoned that the production cost of power projects forced to use re-gasified LNG would go down by Rs 10,900 crore per annum.
The ministry's second option giving equal priority to the power sector, as is available to the fertiliser sector, would mean gas supply to urea plants would go down by 9.07 mmscmd forcing an import of 4.54 million tonnes of urea at an additional subsidy burden of Rs 5,372 crore per annum.
Gas to power sector would go up by 10.79 mmscmd leading to an extra output of about 17,000 million electricity units per annum, saving in production cost of Rs 11,700 crore per annum.
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